Periodontal Disease - What is it? , How do you get it, and how do you treat it?  

Periodontal disease is the destruction of the bone and gum that holds teeth in place.

Peridontal disease can start off as very mild but can become severe very quickly in susceptible individuals.

A less severe form of gum disease is called Gingivitis. This inflammation of the gum only can happen due to poor cleaning or crowded teeth as well as hormonal changes. With correct cleaning this can resolve with no lasting consequences.

If the gingivits is left to progress then it can become Periodontitis. This is when the bone holding teeth begins to be affected and lost. This process is irreversible in most cases and can have a number of lasting consequences.


Like conditions such as asthma and allergies, a persons immune response is part of the reaction process in periodontal disease. Some people has a genetic susceptability to gum disease, whilst other have contributing factors such as diabetes, immune conditions or smoking and heavy alcohol intake.

Recent studies have found links between periodontal disease and serious conditions such as dementia, alzheimer’s disease and a number of heart conditions. The serious nature of periodontal disease cannot be ignored.

At S3 Dental we carry out a periodontal examination on our patients at examinations and if we find areas of concern we advise patients on the most appropriate steps.

Treatment for Gingivitis and Periodontitis can be simple and regular cleanings with our hygiene team, working on and improving our oral health with increased brushing, flossing and interdental cleaning.

If the condition is particular severe we recommend treatment such as deep cleanings, root surface debridement - where we clean a little deeper or if required surgical gum treatments.

If you are concerned about periodontal disease then speak to your dentist.

Signs of gum disease can include bleeding gums on brushing, bad breath or painful and swollen gums. With gum disease early intervention is key to treating it, so do not wait until your next check up if you have a concern.